Baby eczema : Baby is scratching and his skin is covered with small pinkish vesicles?And if he had eczema? This skin disease is quite common in infants: it affects about 1 baby out of 4. Mostly benign, it is nonetheless unpleasant to live for baby: the point on treatments and tips to use to relieve .
Contact eczema or atopic eczema?
The distinction is important because these two forms have different causes: their treatment also differs. Baby contact eczema is thus just a simple allergic reaction in response to contact with an allergenic substance.
Classically, his skin has not supported the new laundry used to clean his clothes but many other substances can trigger the allergy as the nickel present in costume jewelry …
The atopic eczema (atopic dermatitis in infants), by contrast, is a chronic skin disease hereditary, causing hypersensitivity of the skin of the baby.
As a result, it reacts excessively to all kinds of products ranging from cigarette smoke to house dust mites to the ingestion of certain foods (eg cow’s milk , peanuts) … This form of eczema evolves by more or less relapses Frequent, but do not be worried: in the vast majority of cases, seizures subside around the age of 2-3 and then completely disappear by the age of 5.
In addition, as long as her symptoms are well treated, baby will support this disease very well until it is cured.
What are the symptoms of baby eczema?
Whatever the type of eczema, it is manifested by the appearance of red patches:
the skin is dry, irritated and covered with tiny vesicles that ooze when they break. Scabs form and fall. In baby, these plaques are usually located in the face, especially on the forehead, on the scalp, cheeks and chin. The neck, buttocks, arms and legs are also often affected.
Unfortunately, the itching can be quite sharp: it is by far the most painful symptom for baby especially if it scratches too much, because its skin can become painful or even bleed.
Baby eczema: what complications?
There is not much to dread, except if baby scratches too much: he then risks a bacterial superinfection. Warning signs: the presence of pus, yellowish crusts and / or fever.
Consult without delay: a simple local antibiotic treatment is usually enough to solve the problem.
Another thing to know: statistically, if your baby has atopic dermatitis, it is more likely to have a diaper rash. The risks of having asthma and / or hay fever ( allergic rhinitis ) when it is a little bigger are also higher (the reasons for this phenomenon are unknown).
The diagnosis of baby eczema
It is better to consult as soon as the symptoms of eczema appear to obtain an appropriate treatment.
By taking into account the appearance of the lesions, the frequency of seizures and any history of allergy in your family, the diagnosis is usually easy to make. Skin allergic tests can also be performed.
Baby eczema: what are the possible treatments?
For contact dermatitis, it is usually sufficient to apply a low-dose corticosteroid cream to the lesions (normally the treatment lasts no more than 6 days). It is also necessary to avoid putting the child back in contact with the responsible allergenic substance.
Atopic eczema is a little more complex to treat. Creams containing corticosteroids are also used during seizures, but various precautions must also be taken between outbreaks.
The main one is to ensure that baby’s skin is well hydrated. Your doctor will surely recommend a lotion or a moisturizer to apply daily.
The right actions in case of a baby eczema attack
In addition to applying the treatment, one of the main things to do is to cut the nails of your baby pretty close or possibly to make him wear mittens. Tthis makes it possible to limit the risks of bacterial superinfection when it is scratching.
To calm your baby’s itch, you can also easily fight dry skin by pouring a little petrolatum oil in the water of his bath.
Petrolatum oil is available without prescription in pharmacy
Wash it also with a surgras soap, without perfume or coloring.
Atopic dermatitis: how to prevent seizures?
In addition to daily moisturizing lotion, you can also install an air humidifier in the baby’s room to avoid dry skin. Avoid woolen clothes and blankets that are too warm: prefer cotton for your baby.
Finally, baby must stay as far as possible from allergenic substances. In particular, it is necessary to dust very regularly its stuffed animals and its room (in the absence of your baby) to limit the proliferation of the mites. If a food promotes its crises, it will also remove the food.