How to fight a cold : The cold is one of the diseases that plague us when our immune system is weakened. It is a viral infection that compromises the health of the upper respiratory tract (nose and throat).
Cold days usually occur more frequently, although they can come at any time due to the attack of several types of viruses.
Although it is considered harmless and generally does not cause complications, it produces uncomfortable symptoms that can be a cause of disability for several days.
For this reason, it is important to know how to fight it at home, by adopting healthy habits to promote respiratory health without the need for medication.
On this occasion, we want to look at some of these related causes and 10 things we can all do to cope without much difficulty.
Why do colds occur?
There is a wide variety of viruses that can cause a cold. However, most of the time, this is due to a rhinovirus attack.
To a lesser extent, they can also be infected with use such as utensils, towels or toys. There is a possibility of contagion if we touch the eyes or the mouth after this contact.
- Children from 6 years old especially if they are in day care
- People with weak immune systems
- The winter or autumn season
- Tobacco use
- Being in touch with someone who is infected
Cold symptoms usually appear one to three days after contact with the virus. These can be manifested in different ways in each patient,depending on the level of response with which our immune system responds.
The troubles include:
- Nasal congestion
- Sore throat
- Dry or phlegmatic cough
- Chest congestion
- Pain in the body and head
Things that can help you deal with colds
Currently, there are many over-the-counter medications that can control cold symptoms. However, in addition to these, it is good to take into account some measures that allow you to fight a cold naturally.
1. Rest well
It is essential to rest to fight a cold and avoid complications due to colds.
The body is struggling to fight viruses and needs you to save your energy.
2. Stop smoking
The smoking can cause serious complications in patients with colds. therefore, if you are used to smoking, it is essential that you quit this habit in order to recover quickly.
3. Eat properly
Having a good diet is the key to strengthening the defenses.
If you are going through this illness, be sure to eat healthy and balanced, at least three times a day.
4. Stay warm
Cold climates tend to aggravate the symptoms of this disease.
Therefore, you should stay warm until you feel better.
5. Drink lots of fluids
It is essential to increase the consumption of water and healthy drinks to avoid dehydration during infection. We must try to consume at least 2 liters of fluid a day.
6. Eat citrus fruits to fight a cold
Abundant consumption of citrus gives the body an extra vitamin C.
This nutrient strengthens the immune system and improves the response against the viruses that produce the infection.
7. Do you wash your nose
If you have too much nasal congestion, you should consider a wash.
It’s a simple, not painful procedure that helps you get rid of excess mucus.
8. Do not use antibiotics
Pay attention ! Colds do not fight with antibiotics .
The disease is caused by viruses and these drugs are useful in cases of bacterial infection.
9. Prepare infusions
There are dozens of herbal, spicy and fruit infusions that can soothe some of the cold symptoms.
Their consumption several times a day reduces congestion and headaches.
10. Avoid sudden temperature changes
One of the reasons it is best to rest during cold days is to prevent sudden changes in temperature. Although they do not always produce a significant impact, they sometimes prolong the symptoms.
Do you have cold symptoms? Try to follow all recommendations to speed up your recovery process. If you have a fever or difficulty breathing, consult a doctor.
Although colds rarely get complicated, some cases can trigger ear infections, asthma attacks, or acute sinusitis.