Alzheimer’s disease is a degenerative brain disease that directly affects memory, but also the way of thinking and behaving.
It is the most common form of dementia, a disease characterized by memory loss and other intellectual abilities.
This pathology greatly affects the quality of life of people who suffer from it, as well as those around them.
This disease accounts for 60 to 80% of dementia cases worldwide and affects more than 5.4 million people in the United States alone. This figure is expected to rise to 16 million by 2030.
Although it mainly affects senior adults, it can also affect younger people. Indeed , its symptoms can occur at the age of 30 years.
Detecting the symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease in time is fundamental for proper diagnosis and treatment.
For this reason, it is very important to learn about the possible primary symptoms of this pathology, and to learn how to differentiate them from those of other diseases.
- Sudden alterations of memory
- Difficulties planning events
- Problems with usual tasks
- A loss of the notion of time and place
- A loss of interest and motivation for certain activities
- Language problems
- Changes in their organization
- A loss of decision-making ability
- A loss of initiative
- Des changements d’humeur ou de personnalité
Sudden alterations of memory
One of the most obvious symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease, especially in the early stages of Alzheimer’s disease, is forgetting recently learned information such as important dates or events.
As a general rule, in the face of this symptom, the affected person is obliged to use notes or electronic devices to remember things that could have been remembered only a few weeks before.
Difficulties planning events
Some people lose all their ability to develop or follow a plan that involves the manipulation of numbers, such as dates.
They may also have difficulty performing tasks as simple as following a known recipe, or managing their monthly expenses.
Problems with usual tasks
Often, people with Alzheimer’s disease have difficulty performing the daily tasks they are used to, such as cleaning or doing their job.
They may also have problems getting to a place they know well, managing their budget, or remembering the rules of a game they control.
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A loss of the notion of time and place
When the disease has already progressed well, the people who are the victims begin to forget the dates, the seasons and the passage of time.
This symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease requires a lot of attention from the patient’s relatives because the patient can forget where he is and how he has arrived in a given place.
A loss of interest and motivation for certain activities
The emotional changes that Alzheimer’s disease causes can lead to a loss of interest in the patient for all the things he has previously enjoyed doing.
Social isolation and a sudden lack of interest in previously popular activities is an obvious sign of this disease.
Alzheimer’s disease can cause language disorders that prevent the patient from being able to follow or participate in a conversation.
He forgets certain words, and loses the ability to understand others, or even to write.
In people with an early onset of Alzheimer’s, it is very common to have difficulty finding the right word and to have a vocabulary suitable in all circumstances. They will call for example a pen, a “stick to write”.
Changes in their organization
The fact of forgetting where things are stored is also a symptom that can indicate that someone is suffering from this terrible disease.
It can happen that the patient puts his keys in the refrigerator, or that he can not find an object while he always puts it in the same place.
A loss of decision-making ability
This disease can cause those who suffer to gradually lose their ability to make important decisions, both personal and financial, for example.
They can no longer manage a budget, are easily persuaded, and can spend large amounts of money simply on soliciting phone salespeople.
A loss of initiative
Lack of interest in usual activities can be a sign that something is happening.
The person who suffers from Alzheimer’s disease, loses the initiative to embark on his favorite activities, in social gatherings, sports projects or trips.
In addition, Alzheimer’s patients generally do not see the value of joining other people.
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Des changements d’humeur ou de personnalité
L’humeur et la personnalité des personnes atteintes par la maladie d’Alzheimer sont généralement touchées par des changements notables, tant dans les premières étapes de la maladie, qu’aux périodes les plus avancées.
Elles sont souvent confuses, suspicieuses, déprimées, craintives ou anxieuses. De plus, elles peuvent devenir très irritables et être en colère contre tout ce qui les entoure.